DCI® corrosion inhibitor is a liquid admixture meeting the requirements of ASTM C1582, which is added to concrete during the batching process. It chemically inhibits the corrosive action of chlorides on reinforcing steel and prestressed strands in concrete. It also promotes strength development of the concrete while meeting ASTM C494 requirements as a Type C admixture. One gallon of DCI® weighs approximately 10.7 lbs (one liter of DCI® weighs approximately 1.28 kg ± 0.01 kg). DCI® contains a minimum of 30% calcium nitrite.
DCI® is recommended for all steel-reinforced, post tensioned and prestressed concrete that will come in contact with chlorides from de-icing salts or a marine environment. Examples are parking garage decks and support structures, bridge decks and prestressed members and structures in marine environments. It may also be used in concrete where chlorides are added during manufacture.
Preconstruction Trial Mix
It is strongly recommended that trial mixes be made several weeks before construction start up. This will allow the concrete producer an opportunity to determine the proper batching sequence and amounts of other admixtures needed in order to deliver the required concrete mix to the job site. Due to the cement response variation and the strong acceleration potential of DCI, it is vital that set time and slump retention of the proposed mix be thoroughly tested and evaluated in the light of job requirements. GCP’s broad experience with this product can help the concrete producer deliver satisfactory product regardless of the mixture proportions. Contact your GCP admixture representative for help with trial mixes.
Recommended addition rates range from 2.0 to 6.0 gal/yd³ (10 to 30 L/m3). The level of corrosion protection increases in proportion to the dosage. The project specification will indicate the addition rate. In the absence of a specified dosage, or where needed to offset premixed chlorides, call your GCP admixture technical representative.
DCI also increases the early strength of a concrete mixture and may have an accelerating action on setting time. These effects become more pronounced as the addition rate rises. Control of setting time can be achieved with retarding admixtures (see Set Acceleration).
Mix Water Reduction
Mix water adjustment is essential to account for the water in DCI and thus maintain the desired water/cement ratio. The mix water added at the batch plant must therefore be reduced to compensate for the addition of the corrosion inhibitor. The adjustment factor is 7.0 lbs per gallon of water (.84 kg/L) of DCI.
A high-range water reducer such as ADVA® , Daracem® 100 or Daracem 19 may be used to maintain workability in low water/ cement ratio concrete.
DCI® corrosion inhibitor contains calcium nitrite which interacts with the embedded steel in concrete to prevent salt attack. By chemically reacting with the reinforcing, a barrier is formed which prevents chloride penetration. Corrosion initiation is delayed and corrosion rates are kept under control. Once corrosion has been inhibited, physical disruption of the concrete due to rust formation will not occur.
When added to concrete in sufficient quantity as determined by the anticipated chloride ion content of the concrete over the design life of the structure, DCI® maintains an active corrosion-controlling system within the concrete matrix.
At all recommended addition rates, DCI® corrosion inhibitor may accelerate concrete setting times, which may also aggravate slump loss. To extend the set time to a more normal duration, separately add a retarder such as Daratard® 17 or Daratard® HC.
A retarder may not be necessary in cold weather. The full accelerating action of DCI® may actually be desirable during the cool months of the year.
DCI® corrosion inhibitor at the normal addition rates may moderately reduce the entrained air content. It may be necessary to increase the dosage of the air-entraining admixture to compensate. Project specifications for DCI® generally will show requirements of 6½ ± 1½% air in the plastic or fresh concrete.
Finishing and Curing
Concrete containing DCI® corrosion inhibitor finishes with standard tools and techniques. It is no different from any other air-entrained, low water/cement ratio mix in terms of finishability. Curing procedures must follow ACI 302 and ACI 308.
- Chemically inhibits the corrosive action of chlorides on reinforcing steel and prestressed strands in concrete
- Extends the service life of structures in a de-icing salt and marine environment
- Cost effective solution to the control of reinforcing steel chloride-induced corrosion
- Accelerates the set of concrete, which would allow DCI® to be used as a concrete set accelerator
Compatibility with Other Admixtures and Batch Sequencing
DCI is compatible with most GCP admixtures as long as they are added separately to the concrete mix, usually through the water holding tank discharge line. In general, it is recommended that DCI be added to the concrete mix near the end of the batch sequence for optimum performance. Different sequencing may be used if local testing shows better performance. Please see GCP Technical Bulletin TB-0110, Admixture Dispenser Discharge Line Location and Sequencing for Concrete Batching Operations for further recommendations.
DCI is also classified as an ASTM C494 Type C set accelerator. As such, it may be used to accelerate the set time of concrete. If a neutral set is required, the addition of an ASTM Type B or D set retarder may be added to the concrete mix.
Pretesting of the concrete mix should be performed before use and as conditions and materials change in order to assure compatibility and to optimize dosage rates, addition times in the batch sequencing and concrete performance. For concrete that requires air entrainment, the use of an ASTM C260 air-entraining agent (such as Daravair® or Darex® product lines) is recommended to provide suitable air void parameters for freeze-thaw resistance. Please consult your GCP Applied Technologies representative for guidance.
DCI Corrosion inhibitor is compatible with all types of Portland cement and concretes containing pozzolans. However, due to the significant variation between cements, even the same type, may result in differences in cement response to DCI. This is especially true with respect to the effect on setting time, which also influences slump retention.
Packaging & Handling
DCI Corrosion inhibitor is Available in bulk quantities from GCP Applied Technologies metered systems or in totes and drums.
A complete line of accurate dispensers is available. DCI may be introduced on the sand, in the water, at the beginning or the end of the batch cycle. Similar to all concrete admixtures, DCI should not come into contact with other admixtures prior to entering the concrete.
DCI freezes at approximately 5°F (-15°C), but its corrosion inhibition and strength gain properties are completely restored by thawing and thorough agitation.
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Last Updated: 2018-12-12